Bird of the Week, November 15, 2010
Palila

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The Palila is a highly endangered Hawaiian honeycreeper restricted to subalpine forest on the southwestern slope of the Mauna Kea volcano on the island of Hawai'i. The Palila’s range has contracted substantially since humans arrived in the islands, and today about 96% of the population occurs in an area <12 sq miles. The Palila is threatened principally by nonnative ungulates, especially mouflon sheep, which severely degrade the habitat by browsing on mamane trees, the Palila’s most important food source. A fence is under construction that will encircle Palila critical habitat, excluding mouflon, feral sheep, and goats, thereby supporting the recovery of the forest and the Palila.


Palila; Jack Jeffrey, Range Map; American Bird Conservancy.

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