The Allpahuayo Antbird was described as a new species in 2001. Males are mainly dark gray with a black throat patch, blackish wings with white wing bars, and a pale iris; females have tawny and white underparts. This antbird is a habitat specialist, only occurring in the dense understory of white sand forests and palm thickets in Peru’s northern Amazon.
This bird is a challenge to see at its stronghold, the Allpahuayo Mishana National Reserve, since it stays in dense undergrowth were visibility is limited. Its loud song – a series of whistles – reveals its presence among dense ground cover.
Its small population is threatened by deforestation for agriculture and logging. ABC and ProNaturaleza have worked together at the Allpahuayo Mishana National Reserve to improve management and protection of white-sand forests for the Allpahuayo Antbird and other rare, white-sand forest bird speciess. As of November 2012, over 2,000 acres of private inholdings inside the reserve boundary have been donated to the Peruvian national government agency in charge of protected areas.
ABC and ProNaturaleza have also financed the construction and furnishing of two new guard stations in the reserve, initiated educational campaigns with local communities to teach them the importance of protecting the forest habitat, led training programs for reserve staff, and conducted bird surveys.