Bolivia, Red-fronted Macaw


The Challenge

As few as 1,000 individuals of the Endangered Red-fronted Macaw may be remaining in the wild. The species is endemic to the unique dry forests of the Andes in Bolivia, one of only two endemic ecosystems in Bolivia. The primary threat to this endangered ecosystem is agriculture and cattle ranching and the associated destruction from overgrazing and burning. Many Red-fronted Macaws are captured from their nests and lost to the illegal pet trade.


ABC Conservation Framework

Efforts to save this species comes under Safeguarding the Rarest within ABC's Conservation Framework
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Primary Birds Impacted

Along with the Red-fronted Macaw, several important endemic species such as the Cliff Parakeet and Bolivian Blackbird are found in the dry scrub forest.



Education with local communities can help to raise awareness of the plight of this endangered species and encourage people to report illegal pet trade and participate in sustainable agriculture and cattle ranching practices to minimize impacts on macaw habitat.

ABC Results

ABC Results Button In 2009 and 2010, ABC worked with the Center for Biodiversity and Genetics to establish two municipal integrated management natural areas in two provinces of Cochabamba, Bolivia covering more than half a million acres: Largapampa spans over  74,000 acres, and Pasaropa over 440,000.
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In 2008 workshops were held to train local community members to work as park guards. Four guards were hired and have begun patrolling the most critical macaw nesting and foraging sites within the new municipal protected areas.

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The Red-fronted Macaw has been embraced by the Cochabamba community.  Once locals learned of the bird’s plight, many agreed to stop harming and capturing the bird, a needed first step in combating illegal pet trafficking.

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In 2012, the colorful bird was adopted as a regional symbol of pride and identity, and the macaw now decorates official government vehicles and buildings. 

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ABC helped celebrate the first Red-fronted Macaw Day on June 15th, 2012.  Celebrations included competitions from surrounding schools in art, poetry, drawing, and music.  One child observed that the macaw is uniquely Bolivian because it is “The only bird with the colors of our national flag!”

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In 2012, ABC helped create new habitat through a reforestation program that planted upwards of 10,000 native trees.

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Armonia has established a top-rate ecolodge below a prominent Red-fronted Macaw nesting cliff within their 124 acre Red-Fronted Macaw Reserve, providing a wonderful ecotourism opportunity for birders to witness the rare species.


What Next?

What Next Button ABC and Bolivian partners are currently constructing a field station for the municipal protected areas and beginning a reforestation program to restore degraded habitat.

Take Action

Support conservation by birding in Bolivia! ABC partner, Armonia has established a top-rate ecolodge below a prominent Red-fronted Macaw nesting cliff. Tourism proceeds support community programs such as beekeeping that provide alternative incomes.